myopia control

Myopia is most often referred to as “nearsightedness”.

How does Nearsightedness Develop?

  1. Genetic Factor
    1. Does Mom, Dad, or Grandparents have a history of myopia?
  2. environmental factor
    1. Reduced time spent outdoors
    2. Increased near-work activity like reading, writing, and computer or electronic device use

how can we stop it or slow it down?

  1. Corneal Reshaping AKA Ortho-Keratology
    1. Ortho K lenses are worn while sleeping and removed in the morning. These lenses change the shape of the cornea temporarily, allowing the wearer to see clearly all day without having to use glasses or regular contacts.
  2. soft contact lens
    1. MiSight
    2. NaturalVue Multifocal
    3. Multifocal soft and rigid gas permeable contact lenses are worn in the daytime. In recent years, FDA has approved the use of one type of multifocal contact lenses for children to slow myopia progression.
  3. atropine drops
    1. Atropine is an eye-drop treatment that typically makes light appear brighter by enlarging the pupil. The drops also blur near vision by reducing the ability to focus on up-close items. Still, low concentration atropine has been shown to slow nearsightedness progression significantly without an increase in pupil size or a dramatic decrease in near vision acuity.

why is it important to stop the progression?

As our lifestyle’s have adapted to increased computer and device usage, so have our eyes adapted to becoming increasingly nearsighted. Currently 22% (1.5 billion people) of the world’s population is myopia, but myopia is a growing epidemic that will grow to 50% (4.7 billion people) of the world’s population becoming myopic by the year 2050. The global myopia epidemic The importance of halting the progression of myopia is to reduce the chances of developing pathological myopia.

Pathological myopia is used to describe the anatomical complications of myopia.The risk of retinopathy for high myopes increases with age, especially over 40 years of age. The risk of developing retinopathy is significantly reduced if a patient's myopia is eliminated or reduced at an early age. As children grow in height, the eye is no different. Their eye length can increase in size causing structural changes that lead to pathology.

importance of managing myopia

High levels of myopia significantly increase the risk of serious ocular health problems such as retinal detachment, early cataracts, and glaucoma, which can lead to vision loss and blindness later in life.
Even low myopia doubles the risk of retinal detachment, cataracts, and glaucoma.

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